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Climate News

  • Aug 4 - Climate change is affecting the range bumblebees
    Jeremy Kerr and colleagues from a variety of countries in the northern hemisphere found consistent trends in failures to track warming along the northern range limits of bumblebee species. Researchers used long-term observations across Europe and North America over 110 years and also found range losses along their southern range and shifts to higher elevations among southern species. They found these trends were independent of changing land uses and pesticide applications. The key finding is that climate impacts should be studied at both leading and trailing latitudinal and thermal limits for species.

    source:
    Climate change impacts on bumblebees converge across continents Jeremy T. Kerr, Alana Pindar, Paul Galpern, Laurence Packer, Simon G. Potts, Stuart M. Roberts, Pierre Rasmont, Oliver Schweiger, Sheila R. Colla,
    Leif L. Richardson, David L. Wagner, Lawrence F. Gall, Derek S. Sikes, and Alberto Pantoja Science 10 July 2015: 349 (6244), 177-180. [DOI:10.1126/science.aaa7031]
  • Jul 27 - It's official 2014 was the warmest year on record
    The State of the Climate in 2014 report was released by the American Meteorological Society (AMS). It was based on contributions from 413 scientists from 58 countries around the world. Four independent global datasets showed that 2014 was the warmest year on record. The globally averaged sea surface temperature was the highest on record.
    "Record ocean heat, at both the surface and in the depths, and record land temperatures are made worse by record-high levels of heat-trapping greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. The global average CO2 level in 2014 was 397.2 parts per million. Carbon dioxide, which is responsible for about two-thirds of the energy changes caused by greenhouse gases, stood at 354.0 ppm when the first State of the Climate report was released in 1990, and today's levels are more than 40 percent higher than at the start of the Industrial Revolution."
  • Jul 10 - Bumble Bee Range Compression due to Climate Change
  • Jul 6 - Iceland puffins sensitive to rising temperatures
  • Jul 6 - Biome shift is happening in AK

Climate Change Datasets

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General Circulation Models (GCMs)

General circulation models (GCMs or global climate models) have been designed to simulate the planet's future climate.  In the past 30 years climate modelers have been improving the GCMs' spatial resolution from the first assessment report (FAR-1995) to the fourth report (AR4-2007) for the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change) to meet the ...

The MAPSS Model

MAPSS (Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System) is a static biogeography model that projects potential vegetation distribution and hydrological flows on a grid. It simulates type of vegetation and density for all upland vegetation from deserts to wet forests. It uses long term, average ...

MC1 Dynamic Global Vegetation Model
[ MC1 ](http://sequoia.fsl.orst.edu/dgvm/index.html) is a widely used dynamic global vegetation model (DGVM) that has been used to simulate potential vegetation shifts in California and Alaska, all of North America, and over the entire globe under various climate change scenarios. However, past simulations were run at a scale that is too coarse (e.g., 10km x 10km for the
Seasonal Fire Forecasting

One notable aspect of the MC1 Dynamic General Vegetation Model (DGVM) is the process-based fire module which simulates fire events and their impact on vegetation through time at regional to global scales. The module was built to explore the response of fire and its impacts to century-long ...

Sea Level Rise

The Pacific Northwest coast includes a wide diversity of coastal habitats from including bluffs, sandy beaches, coastal marshes, tidal flats and eelgrass beds, supporting myriad species of fish and wildlife as well as local economies and cultural history. These coastal habitat are threatened by various human activities due to continued population ...