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Climate News

  • Jun 25 - Alaska Glaciers and Sea Level Rise
    Alaska is a major driver of global sea level change. Chris Larsen, a research associate professor with the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, and his colleagues published results from surveys of 116 glaciers in the Alaska region over 19 years to estimate ice loss from melting and iceberg calving. They combined lidar observations with new mountain glacier inventory. Glaciers ending on land are losing mass exceptionally fast, overshadowing mass changes due to iceberg calving, and making climate-related melting the primary control on mountain glacier mass loss. The rapid shrinking of mountain glaciers has been shown to cause nearly one-third of current sea level rise previous research found.
  • Jun 18 - Climate change is a global problem with grave implications
    “It represents one of the principal challenges facing humanity in our day.” The Vatican released Pope Francis' encyclical at noon on Thursday June 18, 2015.  Francis, from Argentina, highlighted the crisis posed by climate change  placing most of the responsibility on human activity while warning of an “unprecedented destruction of ecosystems, with serious consequence for all of us” if swift action is not taken. “Climate change is a global problem with grave implications: environmental, social, economic, political and for the distribution of goods,” the pope wrote. “It represents one of the principal challenges facing humanity in our day.”

    Source for the encyclical: encyclical
  • Jun 9 - Heat Waves Around The World
  • Jun 9 - Fire Season has started early in Canada
  • Jun 9 - Change is relentless in Antarctica

Climate Change Datasets

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General Circulation Models (GCMs)

General circulation models (GCMs or global climate models) have been designed to simulate the planet's future climate.  In the past 30 years climate modelers have been improving the GCMs' spatial resolution from the first assessment report (FAR-1995) to the fourth report (AR4-2007) for the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change) to meet the ...

The MAPSS Model

MAPSS (Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System) is a static biogeography model that projects potential vegetation distribution and hydrological flows on a grid. It simulates type of vegetation and density for all upland vegetation from deserts to wet forests. It uses long term, average ...

MC1 Dynamic Global Vegetation Model
[ MC1 ](http://sequoia.fsl.orst.edu/dgvm/index.html) is a widely used dynamic global vegetation model (DGVM) that has been used to simulate potential vegetation shifts in California and Alaska, all of North America, and over the entire globe under various climate change scenarios. However, past simulations were run at a scale that is too coarse (e.g., 10km x 10km for the
Seasonal Fire Forecasting

One notable aspect of the MC1 Dynamic General Vegetation Model (DGVM) is the process-based fire module which simulates fire events and their impact on vegetation through time at regional to global scales. The module was built to explore the response of fire and its impacts to century-long ...

Sea Level Rise

The Pacific Northwest coast includes a wide diversity of coastal habitats from including bluffs, sandy beaches, coastal marshes, tidal flats and eelgrass beds, supporting myriad species of fish and wildlife as well as local economies and cultural history. These coastal habitat are threatened by various human activities due to continued population ...