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Climate News

  • Oct 8 - Climate Change may challenge adaptive potential of Chinook salmon
    Munoz and his Canadian colleagues studied the adaptive potential of Chinook salmon to changes in temperature and found that they could develop population-specific modes of adaptation in cardiac performance over evolutionary time scales, but found little adaptive capacity in one key area, the arrhythmic temperature. They think that while Pacific salmon has physiological and genetic capacities to increase thermal tolerance , there is an upper thermal limit corresponding to an increase of 2.2 degrees Celsius. To test Chinook salmon response to climate change, they mated wild-caught adult salmon and reared offspring from each family in current and projected future (increase of 4 degrees Celsius) temperature conditions. Mantua et al. however argue that Munoz et al. over-generalized their conclusions regarding the response to Chinook salmon to climate change.

    Muñoz, N. J. et al. Nature Climate Change. 5, 163–166 (2015).
    Mantua et al. Nature Climate Change 5,613–615(2015)
  • Oct 8 - North Cascade Glaciers Melting Fast
    The Seattle Times reports on research into the state of glaciers in the Northwest. Mauri Pelto, a Nichols College glaciologist, has been studying Washington’s glaciers for over thirty years. Pelto recently completed an annual survey of glaciers in the North Cascades and stated that he and his research team found bare ice and gushing meltwater where glaciers typically would be covered in snow. He estimated that glaciers would lose 5 to 10% of volume before the summer was over, the single largest volume loss in the past 50 years.
  • Oct 5 - Variability in stream habitat protects trout from both forest harvest and climate change
  • Sep 30 - Scientific Societies Applaud Republican-Sponsored Climate Resolution
  • Sep 18 - Projected increased mosquito survival in the Arctic will affect caribou

Climate Change Datasets

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General Circulation Models (GCMs)

General circulation models (GCMs or global climate models) have been designed to simulate the planet's future climate.  In the past 30 years climate modelers have been improving the GCMs' spatial resolution from the first assessment report (FAR-1995) to the fourth report (AR4-2007) for the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change) to meet the ...

The MAPSS Model

MAPSS (Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System) is a static biogeography model that projects potential vegetation distribution and hydrological flows on a grid. It simulates type of vegetation and density for all upland vegetation from deserts to wet forests. It uses long term, average ...

MC1 Dynamic Global Vegetation Model
[ MC1 ]( is a widely used dynamic global vegetation model (DGVM) that has been used to simulate potential vegetation shifts in California and Alaska, all of North America, and over the entire globe under various climate change scenarios. However, past simulations were run at a scale that is too coarse (e.g., 10km x 10km for the
Seasonal Fire Forecasting

One notable aspect of the MC1 Dynamic General Vegetation Model (DGVM) is the process-based fire module which simulates fire events and their impact on vegetation through time at regional to global scales. The module was built to explore the response of fire and its impacts to century-long ...

Sea Level Rise

The Pacific Northwest coast includes a wide diversity of coastal habitats from including bluffs, sandy beaches, coastal marshes, tidal flats and eelgrass beds, supporting myriad species of fish and wildlife as well as local economies and cultural history. These coastal habitat are threatened by various human activities due to continued population ...