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Climate News

  • Mar 31 - Projections based on past ocean resilience
    Global climate change may result in abrupt disrupting ecosystem-level effects that will have millennial-scale recovery periods. Based on a recent study of sediment cores from the Pacific ocean seafloor, scientists led by Sarah Moffitt, Ph D, from the UC Davis Bodega Marine Laboratory and Coastal and Marine Sciences Institute, tell us they expect to see much larger areas of low-oxygen "dead zones" in the world's oceans. "Folks in Oregon and along the Gulf of Mexico are all-too-familiar with the devastating impacts of low-oxygen ocean conditions on local ecosystems and economies," says Peter Roopnarine, Ph D, of the California Academy of Sciences. "We must explore how ocean floor communities respond to upheaval as we adapt to a 'new normal' of rapid climate change. We humans have to think carefully about the planet we are leaving for future generations."

    source: Sarah E. Moffitt, Tessa M. Hill, Peter D. Roopnarine, and James P. Kennett. Response of seafloor ecosystems to abrupt global climate change. PNAS, 2015 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1417130112
  • Mar 16 - First ever observation of an increase in carbon dioxide's greenhouse effect
    "Researchers, led by scientists from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), measured atmospheric carbon dioxide's increasing capacity to absorb thermal radiation emitted from Earth's surface over an 11-year period at two locations in North America. They attributed this upward trend to rising CO2 levels from fossil fuel emissions."

    Source: D. R. Feldman, W. D. Collins, P. J. Gero, M. S. Torn, E. J. Mlawer, T. R. Shippert. Observational determination of surface radiative forcing by CO2 from 2000 to 2010. Nature, 2015; DOI: 10.1038/nature14240
  • Mar 3 - February 2015’s average carbon dioxide level above 400ppm
  • Mar 3 - Termites enhance African Ecosystem Resilience
  • Mar 3 - Change in Phenology of Global Vegetation since 1980s

Climate Change Datasets

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General Circulation Models (GCMs)

General circulation models (GCMs or global climate models) have been designed to simulate the planet's future climate.  In the past 30 years climate modelers have been improving the GCMs' spatial resolution from the first assessment report (FAR-1995) to the fourth report (AR4-2007) for the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change) to meet the ...

The MAPSS Model

MAPSS (Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System) is a static biogeography model that projects potential vegetation distribution and hydrological flows on a grid. It simulates type of vegetation and density for all upland vegetation from deserts to wet forests. It uses long term, average ...

MC1 Dynamic Global Vegetation Model
[ MC1 ](http://sequoia.fsl.orst.edu/dgvm/index.html) is a widely used dynamic global vegetation model (DGVM) that has been used to simulate potential vegetation shifts in California and Alaska, all of North America, and over the entire globe under various climate change scenarios. However, past simulations were run at a scale that is too coarse (e.g., 10km x 10km for the
Seasonal Fire Forecasting

One notable aspect of the MC1 Dynamic General Vegetation Model (DGVM) is the process-based fire module which simulates fire events and their impact on vegetation through time at regional to global scales. The module was built to explore the response of fire and its impacts to century-long ...

Sea Level Rise

The Pacific Northwest coast includes a wide diversity of coastal habitats from including bluffs, sandy beaches, coastal marshes, tidal flats and eelgrass beds, supporting myriad species of fish and wildlife as well as local economies and cultural history. These coastal habitat are threatened by various human activities due to continued population ...